Post-2015 framework on poverty eradication and sustainable development
15 January, 2014
Formulating priorities and strategies as the Millennium Development Goals approach their culmination – what next for the least developed countries.
The post-2015 development framework: priorities for the least developed countries
Wednesday 29 – Friday 31 January 2014 (WP1309)
Next year marks the culmination of global commitment to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It is already clear that more needs to be done. We are convening a high level invitation only conference to strategise on priorities, challenges and approaches to follow.
Participants will come from:
- The Least Developed Countries;
- International agencies and civil society;
- Political, diplomatic and activist backgrounds.
The conference will review the post-2015 agenda and how it should be constructed from the perspective of the most vulnerable communities and countries.
Confirmed speakers include:
- UN Under-Secretary General Gyan Acharya
- Bangladeshi trade specialist Debapriya Bhattacharya
- Aurelio Parisotto (ILO) and Abebe Shimeles (African Development Bank) on employment and job creation.
- Chimère Mariteuw Diaw,Director General of the African Forest Network on agriculture and natural resource management
- Makurita Baaro (Kiribati), Pa Ousman Jarju (Gambia) and Saleemul Huq (Bangladesh) on climate change.
- Governance and Institutions will be covered by speakers including Youba Sokona (South Centre), David Hallam (UK Envoy on the Post-2015 Goals), Kitty van der Heijden (Ambassador, Netherlands Representative on the Open Group), and Richard Morgan (UNICEF).
Joint organizers UN Office of the high representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS (Khalil Rahman) and the International Institute for Environment and Development IIED (Camilla Toulmin) will also be represented at senior level and supported by colleagues.
Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have most at stake as the world builds a post-2015 development agenda. They suffer unacceptable deprivation, and many are ‘behind the curve’ on progress to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The acute structural vulnerability of these countries is exacerbated by the disproportionate impact of economic and environmental shocks. The Istanbul Programme of Action for LDCs focuses on productive capacity-building in the LDCs, which is closely related to sustainable development in these countries.
At the same time, LDCs have much to contribute to a global response to emerging development trends and priorities, and to managing globally important resources such as oceans, forests, grasslands and other fragile ecosystems. They are ready and have the potential, to take a lead in debates and negotiations about a new global partnership. But they need support, solidarity and action from other countries.
The United Nations (UN) is overseeing a process through which all countries will agree a new set of development goals to come into effect at the end of 2015. These will aim to build on the achievements of the current Millennium Development Goals, and articulate a new shared set of aspirations that can act as a point of reference for global, regional, national and local actions to tackle basic deprivation and improve quality of life for all. The UN General Assembly agreed in September 2013 to a political process to negotiate a new single post-2015 development agenda that:
“…should reinforce the international community’s commitment to poverty eradication and sustainable development. We underscore the central imperative of poverty eradication and are committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency. Recognising the intrinsic interlinkage between poverty eradication and promotion of sustainable development, we underline the need for a coherent approach which integrates in a balanced manner the three dimensions of sustainable development. This coherent approach involves working towards a single framework and set of Goals – universal in nature and applicable to all countries, while taking account of differing national circumstances and respecting national policies and priorities. It should also promote peace and security, democratic governance, the rule of law, gender equality and human rights for all.”
The UN High Level Panel which was established by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and co-chaired by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron is a key international document supporting this process. The Least Developed Countries are of course foremost among those who need the international deliberations to be successful.