As the international humanitarian community meet in Istanbul for the first World Humanitarian Summit (WHS), Wilton Park reflects on the preparations for the summit particularly the role it has played in these preparations.
Whilst forced displacement is not a new issue, the number of people on the move is increasing year on year; of these fewer are returning home after being displaced. Over 80% of forcibly displaced people are found in developing countries, which have fewer resources to respond to growing needs.
The scale of the challenge illustrates the importance of joint responses across the sectors: humanitarian agencies, development agencies, the United Nations (UN), donors, international finance institutions, governments, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the private sector. The WHS seeks to build a more inclusive and diverse global system committed to humanitarian principles.
2016 offers an unprecedented opportunity to revisit the approaches to protracted displacement that have guided policy and operations to date, building on international momentum and growing political will. Against this backdrop the UK Secretary of State for International Development, Rt Hon Justine Greening MP, President Jim Kim of the World Bank and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, in association with Wilton Park, convened a forum on new approaches to protracted forced displacement to act as a stepping stone to the WHS.
The Forum sought to hear from a wide range of stakeholders, including refugee hosting countries, on the practical experiences and challenges of dealing with protracted forced displacement. The aim was to secure better outcomes for displaced people and the communities that host them.
The discussions contributed to the development of the Wilton Park Principles, a set of guiding principles based on five proposed themes: i) Working through National and Local systems; ii) Support to Host Communities and Social Cohesion; iii) Economic Participation and Growth; iv) Impactful and Innovative Financing; and v) Improved Data and Evidence.
The principles, which will be pursued further at the WHS and the UN General Assembly high level meeting on refugees and migrants in September, build upon the convergence of interests among all stakeholders and draw on the complementary strengths of both humanitarian and developmental approaches.