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Further areas of research – for NGOs and academia

Monday 4 – Wednesday 6 March 2024 I WP3260


One of the goals of this dialogue was to propose further areas of research for NGOs and academia, focusing on various interdisciplinary approaches and methodologies.

There was a proposal for biannual, Track 1.5 scenario-based tabletop exercises, aiming to move beyond problem analysis towards recommending policy changes through the exploration of disarmament drivers across normative, legal, security, technological and domestic domains.

Scenario mapping for a world without nuclear weapons, inspired by previous studies,[9] emerged as a research avenue, aiming to explore security landscapes, technical issues, rearmament factors, cost considerations, regional dynamics and the roles of institutions (e.g. the IAEA).

A market survey of IND was proposed to assess stakeholders’ interests and perspectives, shedding light on the agenda’s reception across different regions and among non-NPT nuclear-armed States, NWSs and NNWSs.

A number of additional areas ripe for research were proposed by both civil society and governments, including:

  • A paper series on practical steps and “things that cannot be reversed” versus “what is not reversed”.
  • A workshop and research paper on “quick wins” – which early steps could yield dividends on irreversibility later in the process.
  • Increased research on latency and its impact on IND, which would attempt to remove the controversy around this topic.
  • Historical analyses on how IND was discussed or considered in trilateral discussions.
  • Funding mechanisms for disarmament.
  • Using the UK nuclear weapons complex map[10] as a guide for other cases, including to: (1) map out the dismantlement and disarmament process in South Africa and (2) develop a picture of latency in NNWSs.
  • How critiquing nuclear deterrence works together with disarmament to establish norms devaluing nuclear weapons.

[9] David Cliff, Hassan Elbahtimy and Andreas Persbo, “Irreversibility in Nuclear Disarmament: Practical steps against nuclear rearmament”, Verification Research, Training and Information Centre, September 2011, in

[10] Dr Nick Ritchie, “Provisional systems map of the UK nuclear weapons complex”, University of York, available at:


Lessons to be learned


Future steps – for governments

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